Table 3
Survey Reviews


Study Type

Type of Computer Technology/Application

Major Findings

Becker (2001)

Survey/ UC Irvine

Teaching, Learning, and Computing

Survey. 4,000 teachers grades 4-12. Explicit sampling protocols provided. Margin of sampling error not provided. Appears quite representative.


Different use patterns by high and low ability students. Differing patterns of computer use by grade level and by subject matter and by teaching philosophy. Computers still underutilized to really effect student learning. Constructivist philosophies are more conducive to using computers in higher order learning. Computer to student ratio, teacher competency, software, all have influence upon use of computer.

Nie & Erbring (2000)

Survey, Stanford U.

Internet survey only.

Internet use

Major factors inhibiting use are education and age. Race, gender, ses, have less influence. Once connected stay connected.

Too much time on internet related to social isolation. More time spent at home working. Not addressed.

Smerden et al. (2000)

Survey, National Center for Education Statistics. Fast Response Survey System, NAEP, and Current Population Survey. Extensive sampling protocols included no margin of sampling error listed.


99% of teachers have computer access. 84% in their classroom. 33 % of teachers feel “well prepared” to use computer technologies in their teaching.

Lack of computers and updated computers and technologies.